Every Apollo Astronaut Trained on the Simulator. Now on display at the Cradle of Aviation Museum.
The Lunar Module Mission Simulator, a large, complex device was in operation at the Kennedy Space Center between 1968 and 1972. It was used by all the Apollo Astronauts before their missions to train for landing on the moon. Only one was built, and remarkably, it survived in good condition. This is a very significant artifact, one of the few key pieces remaining from the Apollo program.
The device consists of simulator cabin (LM scent stage with complete original interior), four large rear projectors and screens mounted outside the windows, and operator’s console, tape-drive computers, and a simulated lunar surface model and camera. Instructors at the console could introduce malfunctions into the simulated mission the astronauts were running inside. Cameras, filming a model of the lunar surface, projected the image in front of the LM windows so the astronauts would feel as if they were actually maneuvering for a landing on the Moon. Astronauts would even sleep overnight inside this device in preparation for three-day stays on the moon.
The Lunar Module Simulator was produced by Link in conjunction with the Grumman Aircraft Corporation. On loan from the National Air and Space Museum.